The invention of computers has really made an impact in various aspects and fields of work. The capability of a computer to carry out various tasks has grown incredibly. Computer Systems have made their impact on diverse working platforms thereby increasing the speed and inturn the capability of doing work with less amount of time.
One of the branches of Computer Science named “Artificial Intelligence” aims at creating computers as intelligent and quick as human beings.
John McCarthyy is known as the father of AI and according to him Artificial Intelligence (AI) is basically the science and engineering of making machines intelligent especially intelligent and effective computer programs.
Artificial Intelligence(AI) is an approach of yielding a computer ,the remote controlled robot ( a remote here can be a computer itself),or it is an approach of making a software that thinks intelligently, just like the way a human being thinks(smartly).
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is achieved by learning and studying how a human brain actually thinks and certain other human features like how human beings learn work and decide while solving a problem. Based on this study, engineers use these methods and start developing intelligent systems and softwares.
Goals of Artificial Intelligence:-
Contribution of Artificial Intelligence:-
Artificial Intelligence has contributed in the field of Computer science, Psychology, Biology, Mathematics, Engineering and Mathematics. A major push of AI is in the advancement of computer functions that are associated with human intelligence such as learning, problem solving and reasoning.
Programming with Artificial Intelligence:-
Applications of Artificial Intelligence:-
· Gaming: - Artificial Intelligence play a vital role in strategy making games such as poker, chess, etc where a machine can actually think of enormous amount of possible situations based on well defined knowledge.
· Vision Systems:- This system understands and interprets visible input on the computer, viz,:
Ø Doctors using certain clinical advanced expert system in order to carry out diagnosis of a patient.
Ø Police using computer softwares that can easily recognize the appearance of the criminal with an already stored portrait which inturn is made by a forensic artist.
Ø A spying aeroplane taking photographs which are used in figuring out map of the areas or spatial information.
· Handwriting Recognition: - The software namely handwriting recognition interprets the written text on the paper by a simple pen or by a stylus on screen. It can even recognize the shape of letters and covert it into editable format.