For almost five long decades, hacking has been a major component of computing. It is a vast subject which almost covers an ample extent of topics. The first and the foremost hacking incident took place at MIT in 1960 and from that time onwards the term “Hacker” came into existence.
Hacking is a way of discovering the achievable entry points that are present in a computer network or a computer system and then finally going through those entry points. Hacking is typically done in order to acquire the unauthorized access to the computer network or a computer system with an intention of either harming a system or steal the critical information that is available on the computer.
Hacking on the other hand is legal too. It is legal provided of it is done with an intent to find weaknesses in computer network system or simply in a computer itself. This kind of hacking is known as Ethical Hacking.
A computer specialist who performs hacking is known as a “Hacker”. Hackers in real sense are those specialists who try to seek out knowledge in order to understand how a system is designed, how it operates and then they make an attempt of specializing these systems.
Ethical hacking includes an authorized effort in order to gain the unauthorized access to an application, data or a compute. Implementing ethical hacking involves replicating the actions and strategies of the malicious attackers. This practice inturn helps to recognize security vulnerabilities that can be afterwards resolved prior to the malicious attacker who has the chance to misuse them.
Key Features of Ethical hacking:-
1. Ethical hacker stays legal:-He acquires a proper authorization before performing and accessing a security evaluation.
2. Ethical Hacking determines and defines the capacity of assessment such that an ethical hacker’s job is legal and remains within an organizations granted boundary.
3. It notices all the vulnerabilities of a system and then finds all the possible way outs in order to tackle with all those vulnerabilities.
Certifications and skills required by an ethical hacker:-
An ethical hacker should possess extensive amount of computer skills.
An ethical hacker must have:
Today Ethical hacking is a backbone of network security. With every passing day its importance is increasing. It helps in closing all those open holes in a computer network thereby not allowing a typical hacker to hack into a computer system’s critical information. It is therefore an evolving technique if used wisely and judiciously in curbing out all the hackers and loop holes from any computer network.